itchybromusic Posted January 31, 2016 Report Share Posted January 31, 2016 (edited) “Integrated pest management (IPM) is an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or their damage through a combination of techniques such as biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices, and use of resistant varieties. Pesticides are used only after monitoring indicates they are needed according to established guidelines, and treatments are made with the goal of removing only the target organism. Pest control materials are selected and applied in a manner that minimizes risks to human health, beneficial and non target organisms, and the environment.” G'Day OS Most of us tend to wait to see if we have a prob B4 acting , this IMHO is a bad idea & to be honest bad grow management , Proper IPM means all the steps it takes to prevent nastiness from getting into your garden to begin with. Best game plan is to get on Guard and use a Multitude of sprays and always be switching it uphear is some basic things I've started to implement in my garden that might help or give food for thought to a fellow grower One part of a IPM consists of foliar spraying , things like teas , essential oils ect for the sole purpose of keeping things away or killing what might be there , above all a healthy plant will go a long way in defending itself , plants have been doing it for thousands of years you know !No problems in a old growth forest , no human , no retractable hose & no powerfeed ! Application maybe the most important part to a good IPMWhen spraying some essential oil like neem for instance , it is very important to cover all surface , soil surface or mulch , plant stems , under sideof leaves & top side of leaves , you could add to that any plant growing near by but please be aware of your impact on that plant ( food )& on others , your neighbors . Also important , the sprayer , standard hand sprays work fine on small plants , you can also get a hand sprayer witha swivel head that makes it easier to spray the under sides of leaves but IMO a wand type sprayer would be the best choice for nook & cranny spraying If your buying essential oils , which could be pure neem , there will not be an application rate for plants possibly , starting low is advisable , currently I'm using 2,5ml per liter with the intention to go to 3.5ml per liter , however i have a test plant , all sprays are tested on that plant first , days B4 , then make a new batch& go for it if all is well Major warning , never spray oils during sun up , It Will Fry Your Plants , make no mistake , only spray early morning , late evening or lights out You will need an emulsifier for the oils to blend with water , some will suggest some sort of soap which will work fine but if we're going to spray anything or evendo anything to our plant then it should be worth something to the plant , I use 2 things at the same time , silica helps fight PM & emulsifier & aloe for the saponins good quality silica http://www.nutri-tech.com.au/products/liquid-fertilisers/premium-liquids/potassium-silicate & a Aloe Vera extract http://aloeveraaustralia.com.au/aloe-vera-raw-material-1litre.html Another option prob the best option for emulsifying & saponins at the same time but a lill priceyhttp://www.ebay.com.au/itm/Yucca-Extract-Therm-X70-Natural-Organic-Wetting-Agent-Spreader-Coditioner-1quart-/201437207632 i have not used this product , I use a blender to mix & emulsify the spray , add a little water in the blender first then add silica then oils & blend for 30sec then add aloe , i found addingaloe at the start with the silica will bind it up & go a bit chucky on you & not emulsify very well . In winter you will need to sit some oils like neem in some warmwater for a while before mixing due to pure neem going hard at low temps , having slightly warm water when you mix & spray anytime is handy there are many ways to help protect your plants from nasty's , a post from a very smart nurseryman / canna grower aka clackamas coot Maybe sharing different approaches will be helpful for everyone, i.e. taking a different look at making the best use of the materials you have to work with. Neem (or Karanja) products are at the center of my IPM program. Neem meal (aka cake) is used in the soil mix and I also use it to make a tea in conjunction with kelp meal. As a bio-nutrient accumulator, neem meal is on par with the heavies like alfalfa, kelp, comfrey, borage, stinging nettles, etc. and what distinguishes one from another are the unique compounds that they create. Only brown kelp species create Alginic acid & Mannitol. Alfalfa creates Triacontanol but Comfrey does not and so on and so on. Neem creates over 360 compounds of which around 30 function as a pesticide and/or fungicide. So with this one material I have two problems covered. Another compound that we want to see in our soil is an enzyme called Chitinase (Pronounced Kite-In-A's) Many organisms create this enzyme including bacteria. The reason that we add crab meal is for the Chitin (Kite-In) As bacteria degrade this polysaccharide this enzyme is created and it's this enzyme that gives us the pesticide benefit - not the Chitin directly. Well, in my studies I learned that sprouted seeds release this enzyme that was encoded by the parent plant. So besides the enzymes that enhance the resin levels, the enzymes teas play a role as a growth regulator by degrading the eggs preventing the larva from maturing. I also top-dress the containers with a mix of chopped leaves with vermicompost. Plants that I've used successfully include comfrey, borage, peppermint, spearmint, oregano, rosemary, thyme, stinging nettles and always a bit of neem meal. Having that layer prevents a number of problems as far as insects & equally important the powdery mildew curse in the PNW. ( Pacific North West) I also make fresh teas using different plant leaves - lavender, spearmint, peppermint, oregano, thyme, borage, comfrey and my new favorite, yarrow. In fact when I spray with neem oil rather than mixing with plain water I use a botanical tea in its place. Some of the compounds in these leaves will kill on contact whereas neem oil does not. It works in a completely different way so by using botanical teas as the base you're getting a double whammy against the invaders. Besides spraying above the soil I also lightly mist the top of the soil with any combination that I mentioned. Powdery Mildew free since 2009 and as close as you can get to being free of Spider Mites in the PNW for over 2 years. The results speaks for itself. CC Above all , always look into what me or someone else tells you to feed or spray on your plants , many things look fine on the surface , barley straw's great mulch & food for fungibut barley grown with pesticides , maybe not , consider " Poo " cow , sheep , chicken , most bagged products are by products of large commercial farming , with commercialfarming practices , Silica , is used in areas of the metal work industry & is a by product of that industry & can find it's way in to nute bottles every now & then If you have the ability to close the loop then absolutely go for it you lucky bugga you , but for the rest of us , research research research , lots of brick walls , lots of frustrating funfor all the " Growing " family ! batteries not included........ I'm no expert or claim i know it all , just trying to get my act together like every body else , would be nice to hear from others and there organic IPM experiences or info you could share on what not to use / keep away from maybe , as a possible future resource for fellow growers & possible future patient providers ALWAYS MASK UP , It's never ok not to , ALWAYS MASK UP , chems or bottled/diy organic , ALWAYS MASK UP , make time . ALWAYS MASK UP !rubber gloves & eye protection aren't a bad idea ether , Protect You Some resources : Read "anything" you fine by clackamas coot IPM report http://buildasoil.com/blogs/news/14862737-ipm-free-report-and-video-explanation-adam-dunn-show-follow-up DIY plant ferts report http://buildasoil.com/blogs/news/14915501-do-it-yourself-plant-fertilizers-free-report Uni Of Cali IPM , http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/ Canberra organic growers society IPM http://www.cogs.asn.au/organic-principles/managing-pests-and-diseases/ Goodbugs.org.au , Bio-control IPM http://www.goodbugs.org.au/IPMnotes.htm Gardening with EM & Bokashi http://gentleworld.org/em-bokashi-veganic-probiotics-for-insect-control-healthy-soil/ Lastly just would like to thank Crowsange very much for the editing & advise on this post Best of growing to all Regards Itchy Edited January 31, 2016 by itchybromusic 3 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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